Index – topics

Topics are alphabetical

Click on a link in the topics list to be taken to the relevant article

Cumbrian and social history




Armstrong & Fleming, Penrith

Beds through the ages

Bicycle mania in 1869

Bonfire Night 1855

Burials – a Victorian public health risk

Christmas in Victorian Penrith

Coats of arms/heraldry


The Cumberland & Westmorland Herald

The Port Carlisle Dandy

Diseases and medicine in Georgian times

Diseases and cures in Victorian times



First World War

Food and drink (alcohol: see A above)


Furniture and furnishings

Graffiti – historic

Haaf net fishing at Port Carlisle

Humour – Victorian

Industrial Revolution (the), and occupations

Job titles old and new

Life expectancy in 1776 and 1845

Lodging houses and the spread of disease

Love –

Maritime tragedies


Carlisle Museum

Mining – Wellington Pit

Need-fire – a Celtic tradition

New Year traditions down the centuries

Oil on troubled waters – a Cumbrian experiment

Pasche eggs – a Cumbrian tradition


Public houses – see the places index page



Sanitation debated


Slander in Stuart England


the Solway Artillery Range

Suicide – attitudes towards

Temperance theory

Theatre – Georgian

Thirlepolles – a mysterious ancient delicacy

Travel in the 1700s

Twelfth Night and twelfth cakes

Unfortunate deaths – a few examples


Weather in 1881

Window tax or duty

Winter solstice, 1893

Workhouse life and food supplies

Family history tips and advice

Assumptions, the danger of

Bankruptcy and family history resources

Christian names and family history

Cumbrian surnames

Births and other records after 1837

Death certificates and their uses

Fake ghost proves the importance of sound research

Perils on online family trees

Manor courts

Manor fines

Wills and their uses for family history research

Georgian Cumbria, Georgian fashion, topics, Cumbrian Characters,